26 March 2017
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28 Jumada al-Thanni 1438
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Makkah and Madinah, the Cradle of Islamic Civilisation

Before the revelation of Islam, the two cities of Makkah and Madinah were civilisational centres and meeting points of different cultures and religions. With the revelation of Islam they became the focal points for the announcement of the last of the divine religions. Makkah was the birthplace of the Prophet and Madinah was the place to which he migrated. For fourteen centuries the two cities have maintained their very special position as centres of Islamic cultural and academic activity.

Joint old images of Makkkah and Madinah taken in the 19 century in black and white colours copy.JPG

Acknowledging the importance of studying the Islamic and historical heritage of the two cities, as well as the eminence and sacredness of this heritage to all Muslims, Al-Furqan Foundation took upon itself the responsibility of publishing a comprehensive reference work entitled The Encyclopaedia of Makkah and Madinah, to specialise in all fields related to the two cities. The project was to be based in the city of Jeddah.

The first meeting of the Encyclopaedia's Council of Consultants was held in Jeddah on 4th November 1994, under the chairmanship of Sheikh Ahmed Zaki Yamani.

In preparation for the implementation of the Encyclopaedia project, two boards of distinguished scholars have been set up, chaired by Sheikh Ahmed Zaki Yamani: the Advisory Board and the Academic Board.

The general structure of the two boards was agreed upon and names of qualified experts in their particular disciplines were proposed. A unified set of scientific, linguistic and methodological rules has been determined upon, which is adhered to in the preparation of the Encyclopaedia and its various sister publications. Terminology and meanings have been clearly defined and work schedules and systems of cross-referencing and bibliographic listing have been drawn up.

Website updated on

07/03/2017